Some random problems in algebra (part b) for RMO and INMO training

1) Solve in real numbers the system of equations:

y^{2}+u^{2}+v^{2}+w^{2}=4x-1

x^{2}+u^{2}+v^{2}+w^{2}=4y-1

x^{2}+y^{2}+v^{2}+w^{2}=4u-1

x^{2}+y^{2}+u^{2}+w^{2}=4v-1

x^{2}+y^{2}+u^{2}+v^{2}=4w-1

Hints: do you see some quadratics ? Can we reduce the number of variables? …Try such thinking on your own…

2) Let a_{1}, a_{2}, a_{3}, a_{4}, a_{5} be real numbers such that a_{1}+a_{2}+a_{3}+a_{4}+a_{5}=0 and \max_{1 \leq i <j \leq 5} |a_{i}-a_{j}| \leq 1. Prove that a_{1}^{2}+a_{2}^{2}+a_{3}^{2}+a_{4}^{2}+a_{5}^{2} \leq 10.

3) Let a, b, c be positive real numbers. Prove that

\frac{1}{2a} + \frac{1}{2b} + \frac{1}{2d} \geq \frac{1}{a+b} + \frac{1}{b+c} + \frac{1}{c+a}

More later

Nalin Pithwa.

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