Continuing this series of slightly vexing questions, we present below:
1. Prove the inequality , where all the variables are positive numbers.
2. A sequence of numbers: Find a sequence of numbers , , whose elements are positive and such that and for . Show that there is only one such sequence.
3. Points in a plane: Consider several points lying in a plane. We connect each point to the nearest point by a straight line. Since we assume all distances to be different, there is no doubt as to which point is the nearest one. Prove that the resulting figure does not containing any closed polygons or intersecting segments.
4. Examination of an angle: Let , be positive numbers. We choose in a plane a ray OX, and we lay off it on a segment . Then, we draw a segment perpendicular to and next a segment perpendicular to . We continue in this way up to . The right angles are directed in such a way that their left arms pass through O. We can consider the ray OX to rotate around O from the initial point through points , (the final position being ). In doing so, it sweeps out a certain angle. Prove that for given numbers , this angle is smallest when the numbers , that is, decrease; and the angle is largest when these numbers increase.
5. Area of a triangle: Prove, without the help of trigonometry, that in a triangle with one angle the area S of the triangle is given by the formula and if , then .
More later, cheers, hope you all enjoy. Partial attempts also deserve some credit.