Pierre de Fermat (1601-65), the great French mathematical genius, is described as the “Prince of Amateurs” as he was not a professional mathematician and never published any work during his lifetime. As a civil servant, he served in the judiciary and spent his leisure with mathematics as his hobby. He corresponded with the best of mathematicians of his time. He teased the contemporary English mathematicians, Wallis and Digby, with the following problem, who had to admit defeat.
26 is a number that is sandwiched between a perfect square (25) and a perfect cube (27). Prove that there is no other such number.
Please do try and let me know your solutions. Even partial solutions are welcome.