Cyclic quadrilaterals — Plane geometry for RMO

A convex quadrilateral is called cyclic if its vertices lie on a circle. It is not difficult to see that a necessary and sufficient condition for this is that the sum of the opposite angles of the quadrilateral be equal to 180 degrees.

As a special case, if two opposite angles of the quadrilateral are right angles, then the quadrilateral is cyclic and one of its diagonals is a diameter of the circumscribed circle.

Another necessary and sufficient condition is that the angle between one side and a diagonal be equal to the angle between the opposite side and the other diagonal.

Problem:

Let ABCD be a cyclic quadrilateral. Recall that the incenter of a triangle is the intersection of the angles’ bisectors. Prove that the incenters of triangles ABC, BCD, CDA and DAB are the vertices of a rectangle.

Comment: It is easy. Give it a shot!

-Nalin Pithwa.

 

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