# More Tripos Problems for Practice : RMO and INMO Algebra

If you want to be a Wrangler, you need to tackle the following (so also the problems in previous post :-)):

1. If $x(2a-y) = y(2a-z) = z(2a-u) = u(2a-x) = b^{2}$, show that $x = y = z= u$ unless $b^{2}=2a^{2}$, and that if this condition is satisfied, the equations are not  independent.
2. Out of n straight lines whose lengths are 1, 2, 3, $\ldots , n$ inches respectively, the number of ways in which four may be chosen which will form a quadrilateral in which a circle may be inscribed is $\frac{1}{48} \{ 2n(n-2)(2n-5)-3+3(-1)^{n}\}$.
3. For the expansion of $\frac{1+2x}{1-x^{3}}$, or otherwise, prove that $1-3n+\frac{(3n-1)(3n-2)}{1.2}-\frac{(3n-2)(3n-3)(3n-4)}{1.2.3}+\frac{(3n-3)(3n-4)(3n-5)(3n-6)}{1.2.3.4} - etc. = (-1)^{n}$, where n is an integer, and the series stops at the first term that vanishes.

4. Find the real roots of the equations: $x^{2}+v^{2}+w^{2}=a^{2}$, $vw + u(y+z)=bc$, $y^{2}+w^{2}+u^{2}=b^{2}$, $wu + v(z+x)=ca$, $z^{2}+u^{2}+v^{2}=c^{2}$, $uv + w(x+y) = ab$.

5. If the equation $\frac{a}{x+a} + \frac{b}{x+b} = \frac{c}{x+c} + \frac{d}{x+d}$ have a pair of equal roots, then either one of the quantities a or b is equal to one of the quantities c or d, or else $\frac{1}{a} + \frac{1}{b} = \frac{1}{c} + \frac{1}{d}$. Prove also that the roots are then $-a, -a, 0$; $-b, -b, 0$; or, $0, 0, \frac{-2ab}{a+b}$.

More challenges are on the way! Are you getting ready for RMO 2016? !

Nalin Pithwa

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